As part of bolstering its soft power capacity, China has prioritised people-to-people diplomacy, providing scholarships and opening more than 80 Confucius Institutes in 41 African countries.
President Mutharika is in China Beijing for the 2018 Forum for China Africa Corporation (FOCAC) which officially opens on Monday 3rd September 2018.
China has denied engaging in "debt trap" diplomacy, and Xi's offer of more money comes after a pledge of another $60 billion at the previous summit in South Africa three years ago.
"But when we see the co-operation between China and African countries, we always adopt our principles of sincerity, practical results and affinity and just real results and good faith", he said.
Africa is a vital front in Xi's fight against such skepticism, receiving $12BN of Chinese lending in 2015, compared with just over $100M in 2000, according to data from the China-Africa Research Initiative.
On arrival at Capital International Airport, Beijing at about 9:04 am (Nigerian time), Buhari was received by the Chinese Ambassador to Nigeria, Dr. Zhou Pingjian, Nigeria's Ambassador to China, Baba Ahmed Jidda and his wife Zahra; the Deputy Chief of Mission, Ambassador Bakori Aliyu Usman; Consular-General of Nigeria, Guangzhou, Shairudeen Oloko; Consular-General of Nigeria, Shanghai, Anderson Madubuike; and Defence Attaché, Brig-Gen.
The documents are expected to build on the outcomes of the Johannesburg summit, during which Xi announced 10 major cooperation plans to promote industrialisation and agricultural modernisation in Africa.
But even countries heavily indebted to China say Beijing offers far better terms than Western banks, and that European nations and the United States fail to match its generosity.
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China has been a strong development partner, playing a significant role in recent milestones achieved by Kenya.
Ahead of the summit, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi spelt out the four-point agenda for the 2018 Summit, hoisted as "a new historic monument" in Sino-Africa relations.
Finance Minister Nhlanhla Nene praised China's agreement to send more buying missions to South Africa.
He posted: "President Muhammadu Buhari arrives in Beijing, the People's Republic of China to participate in the 7th Summit of the Forum on China - Africa Cooperation (FOCAC2018)".
During the Summit, the Chinese President will also hold bilateral talks and meetings with foreign leaders. The focus will be on political and economic cooperation, social development cooperation, cultural and people exchanges, peace and security, and global cooperation.
In 2017 when Tunisia began to offer visa-free entry to Chinese tourists, their number skyrocketed to around 20,000 that year, 12,000 more than that in 2016, Dhia Khaled, Tunisian ambassador to China, told Xinhua recently.
"I call on African countries to make full use of the summit to strive for the well-being of the people of both China and Africa", Khaled said.