The Senate voted 52 to 29 on June 19 in favour of Bill C-45, officially making good on the Liberal government's vow to formally legalize marijuana throughout the country.
Although the proclamation date was originally projected to be in September, Trudeau said that the extra month was requested by some of the "big" provinces - particularly Quebec to ensure that regulations are in place by the time Canadians can legally light up.
Canada is only the second country to legalize recreational marijuana in the world, and the differing restrictions and methods of distribution will allow the country, and the world, to hopefully discover which models work best and prompt a positive change in how people see and consume cannabis.
Various-sized joints for sale are pictured at the annual 4/20 marijuana event at Sunset Beach in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, on April 20, 2017.
Ms Petitpas said the government would follow its expert panel's recommendation to allow for the growth of up to four pot plants for personal use in households: "It is already possible for Canadians to grow cannabis for medical purposes and we absolutely believe the legislation should be consistent when it comes to recreational cannabis".
Quebec, Manitoba, and Nunavut all want to forbid their citizens from growing recreational marijuana at home, even after cannabis is legalized federally. And "the kids" were one of Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's primary reasons for supporting legalization, as he tweeted today.
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The government's companion legislation on impaired driving is also expected to pass soon, said Wilson-Raybould, but she added that driving under the influence of drugs has always been - and will remain - against the law in Canada.
Uruguay was the first nation to legalize and regulate marijuana at the federal level a year ago. "We would like to commend the fearless advocates who spent years building momentum for change...to all Canadians who participated in turning an idea into reality, this is your moment to celebrate". Our plan to legalise & regulate marijuana just passed the Senate.
However, stringent rules will still govern the purchase and use of marijuana.
"C-45 marks a wholesale shift in how our country approaches cannabis", she said. The western provinces will allow at least some private retailers to operate, while eastern provinces (including Ontario but excepting Newfoundland) are restricting sales to government-run stores.
It is expected to give the provinces and territories, as well as municipalities, eight to 12 weeks to set up the new marijuana marketplace.
In the neighboring USA, nine states and the District of Columbia have legalized marijuana.