Reports say Cambridge Analytica and its United Kingdom parent SCL Elections Ltd. which have begun bankruptcy proceedings have been given 30 days to comply with the order or appeal, or face a criminal prosecution.
The ruling says Mr Carroll sought his information from Cambridge Analytica in 2017 and was unhappy with the responses, prompting his complaint to the ICO. He filed a lawsuit against Cambridge Analytica under Britain's data protection act when he said he found out it collected data on him.
Carroll's test case opens the door for 240 million other USA voters to request their data from the British-based data mining firm under British laws for data protection, the Guardian reported, since the company has claimed to have up to 7,000 data points on 240 million Americans.
'He did so and on 27 March 2017, he received a spreadsheet from the SCL Group, marked for and on behalf of Cambridge Analytica and which was said to contain all of the personal data to which he was legally entitled.
Information Commissioner Elizabeth Denham said the company 'has consistently refused to cooperate with our investigation into this case and has refused to answer our specific enquiries in relation to the complainant's personal data - what they had, where they got it from and on what legal basis they held it'.
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Additionally, parallel bankruptcy proceedings will soon be commenced on behalf of Cambridge Analytica LLC and certain of the Company's US affiliates in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of NY.
Its managers have denied, however, using data harvested by Cambridge University psychologist Alexandr Kogan through a personality quiz on Facebook, in the 2016 U.S. election. The data is said to have widely contributed to the electoral victory by Donald Trump and the Republican Party in the election.
What is the Cambridge Analytica scandal? The information ordered to be released includes information on what the firm did with the voter's data and where it got it.
The Guardian suggests that Cambridge Analytica had, in leaked emails, told Facebook that it had deleted the data it harvested illegally, but did not state that it had also deleted the derived information and data models from that data.